10:12. Removal and installation of a starter

Possible malfunctions of a starter, their reason and ways of elimination



The refusal of a starter can be caused by several reasons, for example, jamming or wear of the traction relay or brushes, wear of bearings. It is better to refuse repair of a faulty starter. As a rule, it needs to be replaced.

SEQUENCE OF WORKS
 Diesel engines
Removal
1. Remove a wire from the negative plug of the rechargeable battery.

       PREVENTION
At a detachment of the rechargeable battery memory (for example, a code of radio) all electronic memory devices is erased.

2. It is better to carry out removal from below the car for what lift and fix the car.
3. Remove the lower protection of a motor compartment.
4. Turn off the connected wires from a starter.
5. Disconnect holders and clips of wires.
6. Turn off bolts of fastening of a starter (the inhaling moment at assembly of 42 N · м).

Fig. 9.13. Starter: 1 – traction relay; 2 – electric contacts from the battery (contact "30") and the ignition switch (contact "50"); 3 – the starter case with a winding and an anchor; 4 – gear wheel; 5 – connection wire


7. Take out a starter (fig. 9.13) down.
8. At assembly pay attention to the correct arrangement and fastening of the wires brought to a starter.
 Petrol engines
Removal
1. Remove a wire from the negative plug of the rechargeable battery.

       PREVENTION
At a detachment of the rechargeable battery memory (for example, a code of radio) all electronic memory devices is erased.

2. It is better to carry out removal from below the car for what lift and fix the car.
3. Remove the lower protection of a motor compartment.
V6 engine
4. Turn off fastening of the filter of the driveshaft in a starter zone.
The release V8 engine to 08.1997 g.
5. Turn off two bolts and remove the screen about a starter.
6. Remove a reception pipe of system of release together with catalytic converter.
V6 engine
7. Remove only the first forward pipe together with catalytic converter.
The release V8 engine to 08.1997 g.
8. From below turn off bolts of fastening and remove the right support of the engine.
All engines

Fig. 9.14. Removal of a starter (petrol line engine): 1 – wire of contact "30"; 2 – wire of contact "50"; 3 – bolts; 4 – arm


9. Disconnect a wire of 1 (fig. 9.14) of contact "30" and a wire 2 contacts "50".
10. Turn off bolts of fastening and remove an arm of 4 wires.
11. Turn off bolts 3 fastenings of a flange of a starter.

       PREVENTION
On V6 and V8 engines between a starter and the block of cylinders there are one or several washers. In the same place the antisplash guard is located. For simplification of the subsequent assembly write down quantity of washers and their arrangement.

12. Remove a starter the movement down.
Installation
13. Install a starter on the engine. On V6 and V8 engines establish washers between a starter and the block of cylinders, and also the antisplash screen.
14. Screw bolts of fastening of a starter the moment of 40 N · m.
15. Connect a wire of 1 contact "30" to a starter, having delayed fastening the moment of 15 N · m, and a wire 2 50 plugs, having delayed fastening the moment of 5 N · m.
16. Establish an arm of 4 wires.
The release V8 engine to 08.1997 g.
17. Lower the engine and fix on it the right forward support.
18. Fix the starter filter.
V6 engine
19. Fix the driveshaft filter in a starter zone.
All engines
20. Establish the lower casing of a motor compartment.
21. Connect a wire to the negative plug of the rechargeable battery.
22. Adjust hours and enter a code of anticreeping system for radio.